Most people associate the term jewellery with gold, silver and diamond ornaments. However, there is much more to jewellery than gold and diamond trinkets. Jewellery, nowadays, includes many gemstones (precious and semi-precious), which are cut and polished to create beautiful ornaments. These gemstones include emerald, ruby, sapphire, topaz and amethyst among others.
Also known as ‘fine gems’, these precious stones can be found in both hard and soft form. Both forms are used to make jewellery, depending on their lustre and physical attributes. Rarity is one of the major assets of these gemstones, which adds to their overall value and there is always a market for gem-encrusted jewellery.
Let’s learn a bit more about these jewels that make us look like a million dollars!
- Emerald: Derived from the Latin Esmaralda, which literally means ‘green gem’, the emerald is a very important gemstone in the jewellery industry. Much in demand for its bright, beautiful green colour, the emerald adorns earrings, chunky neck pieces, bracelets and even, watches. The green colour of the emerald is a result of chromium and vanadium traces in the gemstone. Considered the birthstone for the month of May, the emerald is usually used in combination with diamonds, silver and white gold to create exquisite ornaments.
- Ruby: Named after Ruber (Latin word for red), the ruby is one among the four famous precious stones, which include the sapphire, emerald and diamond. The gem derived its rich colour from chromium and the amount of the mineral in the gem determines its hue. The colour is the determining factor for a ruby’s price, followed by its clarity. The deeper the red, the higher the price. Ruby is set with diamonds, pearls, sterling silver and yellow gold to create beautiful pieces of jewellery.
- Sapphire: The gem attributes its blue colour to the mineral corundum. Grey and black shades of sapphire are also available in the market. A unique feature of the gemstone is its colour-changing ability, found mostly in natural sapphire. The birthstone of September, sapphire often adorns custom-made and quirky bracelets, trinkets, necklaces and earrings.
- Topaz: Composed mainly of aluminium and fluorine, pure topaz is usually colourless. The different colours of this precious gemstone like wine, pale grey, reddish-orange and blue brown are a result of impurities. The gemstone gets its name from the French and Latin words Topace and Topazus respectively. Topaz, the birthstone of the month of December, is used to make watches, rings, bracelets, necklaces and earrings.
- Amethyst: A violet varation of quartz, amethyst is the birthstone of the month of February. It derives its purple colour from irradiation and iron impurities. Said to represent courage and inner belief, amethyst jewellery is a popular birthday gift for February-born people. The gemstone is usually combined with sterling silver, white sapphire and diamond to create timeless jewellery.